It is common to distribute a mixture of propane (C3H8) and butane (C4H10) (LPG) for combustion purposes. Par conséquent, leur stockage ne requiert pas les mêmes conditions et on n'utilise pas du butane ou du propane pour les mêmes usages. Apr-13 Mar-13 Feb-13 Jan-13 Dec-12 Nov-12 Oct-12 Sep-12 Aug-12 Jul-12 Jun-12 May-12 Apr-12 Mar-12 Feb-12 Jan-12 Dec-11 Nov-11 Oct-11 Sep-11 Aug-11 Jul-11 Jun-11 May-11 The camping fuel I purchase is a mix of propane and butane. As long as access to an adequate supply is available, the energy efficiency and price advantage can make butane a better deal in many, but not all, circumstances. When combusted, they produce carbon dioxide, water, carbon monoxide and soot. In the three pictures where it shows a lighter, tank, and aerosol can. And the container is lighter. Answer Save. One of the advantages of butane is its improved fuel efficiency. Propane is suited to colder climates and Butane works well in warm climates. Below its boiling point, butane stays a liquid, and there is no pressure change to force it out of its container. What’s the difference between Butane and Propane? Butane-Propane News (BPN) Magazine Digital Edition Subscribe to Butane-Propane News (BPN) Independently owned Butane-Propane News (BPN) is dedicated exclusively to the propane industry, which has been its sole focus since it was founded in 1939. Basically, I would like to know which is the best option for us price wise? Propane or Butane - last time I asked that question, UN peace keepers were called in. When the fuel needs to be stored for a long time, propane is a better choice than butane. Server responsed at: 01/01/2021 11:11 p.m. All texts are contributed by our excellent writers. Although propane is more popular, butane continues to be used as a fuel source. Propane . Both propane and butane are types of liquefied petroleum gas. Propane can easily be stored outside in almost all environments, since temperatures below freezing don't affect how it is stored or used. Both are extracted from petroleum in oil or natural gas form. Butane burns more cleanly and provides more energy, but propane is a better choice for situations in which temperatures may drop below freezing. Butane is a gas at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. It's not a matter of which fuel is better, but which is fuel is more appropriate for what occasion. butane definition: 1. a gas obtained from petroleum, used in its liquid form as a fuel 2. a gas obtained from…. They are commonly used as cooking fuels, particularly in portable camping stoves, according to Michael Hodgson, author of "Camping for Dummies." By looking at the information on your site, it doesn't appear that way. Butane and propane has similar qualities because of which people often confuse about them and consider them the same. Lv 7. C3H8(g) + 5O2(g) --> 3CO2(g) + 4H2O(g) ΔH = sum of the heats of formation of products - sum of the heats of formation of reactants. The first fact consumers need to know about butane is this: Often when we talk about butane and propane that is sold commercially, the actual product is in fact a mixture of the two. If similar volumes of both substances are burned at temperatures above freezing, butane will provide about 12% more energy. Butane burns more cleanly and provides more energy, but propane is a better choice for situations in which temperatures may drop below freezing. Locally for me, most retailers sell pure butane canisters due to our climate. It is used as a fuel in gas barbeques, lanterns and camping stoves. Is Butane or Propane a Better Fit For You: The Pros and Cons. Among other things, it’s often more costly, not as easily or widely available in larger-sized tanks, and the torches we generally use tend to be optimized, design-wise, for natural gas or propane, and butane, though it may work in them, may not work quite as well. Will this sort out the problem? 6 years ago. Such mixes are popular for camping stoves in particular. will it still work? Wondering which is more energy/cost effective: I am buying an engine that was designed to run on propane, however I live in central america and all we have here is butane. Butane is low pressure, propane is stored at significantly higher pressure, and the only reason a butane/propane mix is offered in disposable canisters is to give more freedom to those using it in regards to climate/time of year. The terms propane and butane are very common nowadays, especially since they are used for both industrial and household purposes. Butane is the preferred propellant, with a lower vapour pressure at a given temperature, being about ¼ that of propane. Ultimately, the gases are quite similar, and the choice between the two largely depends on the availability and intended use of the product. Both propane and butane are gases at room temperature and under atmospheric pressure. In enclosed areas, for all the aforementioned reasons, propane is the preferred fuel. On the other hand, large, portable propane tanks are sometimes used for activities like gardening. So Propane, as an LPG, is most suitable for exterior storage and use. Butane and propane torches are used for different purposes based of the ease of handling, size and heating temperature of each torch. Butane is a highly flammable, colorless, easily liquefiedgasthat quickly vaporizes at room temperature. LPG, or liquefied petroleum gas, is a common mixture of the two substances. ΔH = 3(-393.5) + 4(-241.8) - (-104.6) ΔH = -2043 kJ per mole of C3H8. Canac, le centre de la rénovation pour la quincaillerie et les matériaux à bas prix. As an autonomous news source, BPN is recognized by leaders and decision makers in the industry as the leading source for propane industry … Comment passer du butane ou propane au GPL ? Mixed with small amounts of other substances like butylene, propylene, and butane, it can be used as an automobile fuel known as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). Butane is an alkane with the chemical formula , as shown in Figure 2.As a type of hydrocarbon, it can undergo hydrocarbon combustion which releases heat energy. Butane is usually removed from natural gas before being shipped to customers, but then butane is sold separately as a fuel itself. Both are used to fuel vehicles and for heating stoves. In North America, the gases are represented in the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA-704) classification system identically. This advantage makes butane a good choice for those trying to pack light, such as backpackers or campers. Propane and butane are two similar gases used for heating and other fuel applications. Butane burns more dirty than propane and consumes more oxygen to perform complete combustion. Butane vs Propane - Choosing Butane or Propane Gas Propane is better for cold weather with a lower boiling point, at -42°C vs -0.4°C for butane. pisgahchemist. Examples of these are 5kg & 10kg Mac Gaslight and the 5kg & 13kg Calor Gas Patio Gas. In some cases, the gases may be used interchangeably, but people should always consult the manufacturer before attempting to substitute one for the other. @anon40202 - you can burn butane in your propane tractor but, since butane has more energy, you may need to adjust idle settings, etc. Each burns at similar temperatures and both release water and carbon dioxide as waste products. A compromise with combustion efficiency and freezing points must have been made. Whilst they are different forms of LPG, they are still both LPG. Propane tends to be cheaper than butane, Butane however burns cleaner. Is this correct? Ultimately, the gases are quite similar, and the choice between the two largely depends on the availability and intended use of the product. Because propane has a lower boiling point, it can be used to force the butane out of the container, even at temperatures at or below freezing. Wikibuy Review: A Free Tool That Saves You Time and Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money That Actually Work. Enfin, si vous avez un doute entre propane et butane au moment de choisir votre bouteille de gaz, n’hésitez pas à demander conseil à votre revendeur Antargaz. They are very common and can be used in stoves, ovens, heaters and even car engines. When stored as a liquid in a tank, it exerts a greater pressure than Butane at the same temperature. Butane(/ˈbjuːteɪn/) or n-butaneis an alkanewith the formula C4H10. 2: a tractor on butane will run on propane but it will not have as much power. is it going to work? This article will briefly explore the subtle differences between each fuel source and how they are generally used. The burning may occur as complete combustion or incomplete combustion. Gas barbecues, camping stoves, and lanterns frequently can be used with propane fuel. Butane is not a bad fuel, just a less practical one in real life for many of us. Butane is one of the hydrocarbon components of raw natural gas, which is a type of fossil fuel. "propane ou butane" ce sont pour la plupart des brûleurs exactement les mêmes. You are comparing the heats of combustion. These gases can be burnt, releasing heat energy. We use 45kg bottles (we have 17 of them) to heat water and to cook with. Butane. We are using a carbon monoxide alarm. to no. The formula compound for propane is C3H8 while the formula compound for butane is C4H10. The butane and propane's similarities can be found out easily. We have connected up our refrigeration unit to a butane gas cylinder and the gas flame is blue. Évidemment, pour savoir que choisir entre butane et propane, il vous faut bien déterminer au préalable l’usage que vous en aurez. When people need to go camping, hiking or mountain climbing, especially in cold weather, propane is preferred over butane as a fuel for cooking. The odorless gas will often have ethanethiol, which has a strong odor, added to it so any leaks can be more easily detected. (Is a butane torch hotter/cooler than a propane torch?). It stores well in variable weather conditions and even below freezing temperature will not affect the storage conditions of propane because of its propetries. Butane, while not as easy to find in many places, is nonetheless a popular fuel for lighters, torches, and some camping stoves. Propane is far more dense than butane. This combustion gives carbon dioxide, gases like carbon monoxide and water … In both cases, a flame is given by the burning of these gases. Relevance. Butane and propane has similar qualities because of which people often confuse about them and consider them the same. Automobiles run on liquefied petroleum gas or LPG which is made by mixing propane with other fuels like butylene, propylene or butane. Butane and propane are both types of gases which are used for industrial and house-hold purposes. 3. We will start off by looking at the properties of butane. We are camping in Spain with a motor home. Why do butane and propane have the same uses but different sources of supply? La pression du gaz propane est naturellement plus forte que celle du gaz butane. While all three fuel sources might seem to be similar, each have their own set of unique of characteristics that set them apart from one another. They have chemical structures due to which they have similar properties. If the gas needs to be stored for a long time or in variable weather conditions, propane is usually a better choice than butane. Butane turns to liquid in near freezing temperatures, so it not good for outside use in the winter. Besides, butane is cheaper than propane, but comparatively, it is more difficult to use, so it is not very commonly available and not many gadgets, devices are designed to be used with butane as fuel source. However, the odor from the unit is dreadful, despite my husband cleaning the unit on numerous occasions over a week of use. Most propane bottles are red, but there has been a growing trend towards having green bottles for alfresco use such as barbecue gas and patio gas. Although butane is generally less expensive than propane, it can be also be more difficult to use; because it is not as common, many devices are not designed to work with butane tanks. Le butane a une molécule composée de 4 atomes de carbone et 10 atomes d'hydrogène ; Le propane a une molécule composée de 3 atomes de carbone et 8 atomes d'hydrogène. Changer de bonbonne ? Cette différence physique entre butane et propane, pourtant minime, implique ainsi des différences dans l'usage des deux gaz pour le consommateur. Operating temperature is the main difference between Propane and Butane gas. Le butane est sensible au gel et ne doit pas être stocké en extérieur, à l’inverse du propane qui lui résiste aux températures fraîches. What burns hotter, butane or propane? Please Log In or add your name and email to post the comment. Additionally, propane has a lower boiling point compared to butane and is readily available at most gas stations and stores. Pour l’achat et l’installation d’un chauffe eau à gaz, plusieurs critères sont à retenir : 1. le nombre de personnes dans le logement, 2. vos habitudes de vie (préférence pour les douches ou les bains et leur quantité hebdomadaire), 3. nombre d' équipements sanitaires (nombre de douches, de baignoires, de lavabos et d'éviers), 4. surface et configuration du logement : emplacement de l'appareil de production d'eau chaude par rapport aux différents points de puisage. It is a Zippo brand lighter that uses kerosene, white gasoline or lamp oil. When stored as a liquid in a tank, it exerts a greater pressure than Butane at the same temperature. Si c’est possible, il faut éviter qu’il y ai plus d… 2 Answers. Propane is more suited to colder environments since it evaporates at -44oF (-42oC) at atmospheric pressure. Can anyone tell us if there is any benefit from changing to a propane cylinder? 1. This gas also has a boiling point right around freezing — 32°F (0°C) — so it does not work well at very low temperatures. Butane evaporates at 33oF (0.6 oC) at atmospheric pressure. Favourite answer. If same volume of butane and propane is burned at temperature above freezing, butane will end up providing 12% more energy than propane. Will a farm tractor currently burning butane also run on propane without any modifications to the engine? Propane and butane are often combined in mixed fuels, which provide some of the advantages of each. Le butane et le propane sont tous les deux des Gaz de Pétrole Liquéfié (GPL), mais leurs propriétés physiques sont différentes. The name butane comes from the roots but-(from butyric acid, named after the Greek word for butter) and -ane. Happy every day. Butane will stop working at around freezing and Propane will work till about -40degree Celsius (-40 degree Fahrenheit). Propane and butane are both gases that can be utilized to heat fuel. Unlike butane, propane is available more easily in small portable tanks and is used widely for heating houses. For this reason, ethanethiol is mixed with propane so that leaks can be easily detected. Propane and Butane, while separate chemicals, are both classified as LPG - Liquefied Petroleum Gas – individually or as a mixture. Thanks for the post. Propane has a lower boiling point than butane so it will continue to convert from a liquid to a gas even in very cold conditions, down to -45ºC. can you use propane on a portable heater that uses calor gas? However, they have some differences that may spe… Some people think that propane and butane are just the same because they share similar qualities. … Johnno is the man for gas, but here's my (mis)understanding. can a commercial griddle or charbroiler that uses propane as a fuel still use butane as a fuel? Propane has a density of 493 kg/m³ while butane being 2.48 kg/m³. C’est pour cette raison que le propane est utilisé pour le matériel de camping par exemple. There are certain differences between butane and propane which could either be advantageous or disadvantageous depending on how they are being used. Butane is rarely used to heat homes or buildings in places where it gets very cold because it cannot be stored outside and still work effectively. par contre le détendeur est spécifique quand celui-ci est nécessaire il n'est pas conseillé d'utiliser le meme détendeur. Do they burn at the same temperature? 2. Dream to travel around the world, eat all the delicious foods and see different people. Propane and butane are both combustible fuels derived from petroleum. the cigarette lighter is not a butane or propane lighter. Propane and butane are classified as Alkane. Powered by enkivillage.org. They are very common and can be used in stoves, ovens, heaters and even car engines. Both gases are derived from petroleum, either from oil or natural gas, but have different chemical structures. Propane burns cleaner, hotter and uses less atmospheric oxygen. Although proponents of each gas hold theirs to be the superior, both have benefits and disadvantages. Now that we have looked at the similarities, we will look at the differences in butane and propane. One burns hotter than the other - from memory, I think it was propane? Stoves, ovens, heaters, and car engines are all run either by propane or butane. Butane and propane are both types of gases which are used for industrial and house-hold purposes. Butane vs Propane vs IsoButane. But you should know that butane is more efficient than propane when used as fuel. Learn more. Propane is used in North America as fuel for heating houses, and is also available in smaller portable tanks. It is used as a fuel in stoves, cigarette lighters and even in aerosol sprays as a propellant. Utiliser un kit ? Both these gases are combustible gases. The fire and hazard risks of both gases are quite similar. Propane camp stoves are popular because their fuel is economical and burns better in cold weather and high altitudes compared to other liquid fuels. It is relatively easy to liquefy and compress, and has a boiling point of -44°F (-42°C), which means that it turns into a gas as soon as it comes out of the tank at any temperature above this. Propane has a lower boiling point than butane so it will continue to convert from a liquid to a gas even in very cold conditions, down to -45ºC. Aerosols may also use the gas as a propellant. So Propane, as an LPG, is most suitable for exterior storage and use. Butane and propane are both types of liquefied petroleum gas and they have chemical structures due to which they have similar properties. Thus, butane can be the preferred choice when it is available in adequate amounts since it is energy-efficient and also has an advantage of cheaper price. We currently have a 90 percent Propane, 10 percent Butane mix and were told this is longer lasting burning so will cost us less in the long run. Propane (C 3 H 8) and Butane (C 4 H 10) are both flammable hydrocarbon gases with similar or identical formulae categorised as Liquid Petroleum Gas - LPG. While there are many similarities between these gases, there are also subtle differences. Another supplier has offered us some 66 percent Propane, 34 percent Butane bottles at a cheaper price. Découvrez notre gamme de produits Propane - Butane à bas prix. If the amount of oxygen available is limited when the gasses are being burned, they may also produce soot and carbon monoxide. Les deux gaz sont néanmoins théoriquement substituables l'un à l'autre. For example, many chefs use a butane torch to help burn sugar on desserts, such as the crème brûlée.