River birch wood can be used as firewood since it burns very hot and fast. The river birch (Betula nigra or water birch) is native to the eastern and southern United States and is a deciduous tree commonly found in the flood plains and swamp areas. damage, but only drastically disturbed soils are likely to need fertility inputs. I echo Prince Maximilian’s sentiments, as it is a personal favorite of mine as well. Its bark makes an attractive point of interest … WOOD PRODUCTS VALUE : River birch wood is hard, strong, and close-grained. Pricing/Availability: Likely to be rather economical in most instances. River Birch : Uses. 0000007935 00000 n 0000045924 00000 n Birch bark designs were also used in beadwork. Comments: Birch is one of the most widely used woods for veneer and plywood worldwide. Without pruning, it grows with several trunks. Heritage® (‘Cully’ PP4409) – This is the most prominent of all the cultivars. The wood is too knotty to use as timber, but it can be used to make inexpensive furniture, toys, other woodenware, and is used … It has been turned to make all the toy parts you need, tongue depressors, tooth picks, pulped for … Uses for Birch Mulch. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. <<8383E40F3CA2D847B974B11C2114EE48>]>> One such species is the river birch, Betula nigra. Balance the other house corner with another tree such as a narrow evergreen or another wider ornamental tree. Drinking As Is. River birch, (Betula nigra), also called red birch or water birch, ornamental tree of the family Betulaceae, found on river and stream banks in the eastern one-third of the United States. startxref River birch is used mainly for local enterprises such as the manufacture of inexpensive furniture, basket hoops, and turned articles. However, it is somewhat tolerant of acidic and clay soils. 0000000892 00000 n Occasionally figured pieces are available with a wide, shallow curl similar to the curl found in Cherry. Birch bark designs were also used in beadwork. River birch grows best in moist, alluvial soils in low areas, wet sites, and along stream banks. Description This is a medium to large-sized deciduous tree (25 – 30 meters) often having multiple trunks. Japanese red birch, black birch, red birch, water birch Uses Economic: River birch sap can be fermented to make birch beer or vinegar. Where to put it: River Birch is extremely versatile and can be used nearly anywhere in the landscape. The inner bark of white birch is also edible and many consider it to have medicinal properties. Use River Birch Clumps as a super way to create the walls of specialty garden rooms. Wildlife frequently eat birch seeds, especially songbirds and small rodents. Bloom Time: Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark. The wood of river birch is used for firewood, pallets, inexpensive furniture, and novelties. This tree is an excellent tree for all seasons; the fall and winter interest is spectacular. Birch's ease of use and reasonable price, have made it a great craftwood, for almost any woodworking project. 0000015128 00000 n River birch grows fast, and attains heights of 40 to 70 feet and diameters of 1 to 2 feet. Because the lower trunk becomes very dark with age, the tree is sometimes called black birch, a name more properly applied to sweet birch. Birch sap is commonly known for its detoxifying, diuretic, cleansing and purifying … Design Ideas But they were rather distained by loggers as knotty and spindly, therefore often left to grow along the river bank to control erosion. 0000006149 00000 n River birch can be used as a screen or shade tree, and as a street tree with irrigation. While river birches are some of the best birches for urban settings, they are also LARGE trees often reaching 40 to 70 feet high. River Birch can be used at house corners very nicely. The bark peels in a manner of thin curly sheets. It is most often seen with mixed hardwoods. Use one River Birch near your front door on the far side of your walkway. River birch wood was once used for ox yokes, wooden shoes and other products around the farm. Herb: River Birch Latin name: Betula nigra Family: Betulaceae (Birch Family) Medicinal use of River Birch: A salve was made by boiling the buds until they were thick and pasty, sulphur was added and this was then applied externally to skin sores and ringworm. They are more heat tolerant than most of their birch relatives, making them a good choice in many parts of the southern U.S. Ethnobotanic: The leaves were chewed, or used as an infusion in the treatment of dysentery. One of the major benefits of river birch is erosion control along streams and rivers. With disinfectant, stimulant, antidepressant, detoxifying and astringent properties, the oil is commonly used for natural medicinal purposes. Tree experts also echo the praise for the river birch. The wood is used to manufacture inexpensive furniture, woodenware, wooden shoes, basket materials, toys, staves, and fuel. Birch essential oil is extracted through both the White Birch and the Silver Birch. Birch has a multitude of historical uses but is less familiar for its undoubted medicinal properties. x�b```a``�c`e`�. Ethnobotanic: The leaves were chewed, or used as an infusion in the treatment of dysentery. 0000001849 00000 n The river birch is a favorite tree in the southern United States, because it can tolerate dry conditions. Call us at 804.758.8814 In Scottish Highland folklore, a barren cow herded with a birch stick would become fertile, and a pregnant cow would bear a healthy calf. 12 Unique DIY Projects Featuring Birch Wood. Betula occidentalis, the water birch or red birch, is a species of birch native to western North America, in Canada from Yukon east to western Ontario and southwards, and in the United States from eastern Washington east to western North Dakota, [citation needed] and south to eastern California, northern Arizona and northern New Mexico, and southwestern Alaska. Dark green foliage turns a beautiful buttery yellow in the fall. Use a Birch Broom to brush out the old year on the morning after Winter Solstice, the longest night of the year. Do not use in patients with oedema or with poor kidney or heart functions [301] Habitats Birch is a deciduous tree that reaches between 10 and 30 meters high, it is generally grown as an ornamental species for parks and gardens. Depending on their cultivation, river birch trees grow either as single- or multi-stemmed trees. The river birch is very popular as an ornamental tree in landscaping due to its pleasant aesthetic quality. 0000000016 00000 n 0000046146 00000 n River birch grows fast, and attains heights of 40 to 70 feet and diameters of 1 to 2 feet. The bark of this tree exfoliates — or peels away in layers — to reveal shades of cinnamon, cream, salmon and pink. Stripped of its bark, Birch is the traditional Yule Log. Experiments in North Carolina did not indicate that it is desirable for commercial pulpwood production, but naturally occurring merchantable-sized trees are often harvested for pulpwood when mixed with other bottomland hardwoods. One of the major benefits of river birch is erosion control along streams and rivers. Garden Uses. Workability: Generally easy to work with hand and machine tools, though boards with wild grain can cause grain tearout during machining operations. On this occasion we will not dedicate the article to talk in general about birch tree, but we will focus on specifically covering two of the most popular varieties, the River Birch and the Silver Birch. It is, however, of limited commercial value since it is usually too knotty to be used for lumber [7,13].Its main uses are for local furniture manufacture, basket materials, small woodenware, and fuel. Fertilization of tree and shrub seedlings at planting is generally not recommended. 0000009782 00000 n It is lighter and weaker than yellow or white birch. Step 1 0000001208 00000 n River Birch Tree Facts. 0000004699 00000 n River birch is a popular, fast-growing native tree for the home landscape. River birch is the only spring seed-dispersing member of its family. Besides regular sheets of plywood, Birch veneer is also used for doors, furniture, and paneling. 200 29 It has the beautiful exfoliating bark that is the hallmark of most birches, but it is one of the most adaptable types of birch, with better tolerance for poorly drained soils and warm conditions. Design Ideas WOOD PRODUCTS VALUE : River birch wood is hard, strong, and close-grained. We inspire people to plant, nurture, and celebrate trees. The river birch is popular in home landscapes and used in parks and commercial properties. 228 0 obj<>stream It is most often seen with mixed hardwoods. The wood of river birch is used for firewood, pallets, inexpensive furniture, and novelties. Grain/Texture: Grain is generally straight or slightly wavy, with a fine, even texture. Given effective grass and weed control, river birch is easy to establish. The river birch is a popular tree for river banks and wet parts of the garden. %%EOF River Birch make incredible, long lived, fast growing windbreaks. The river birch tree often is used for landscaping due to its graceful drooping limbs and attractive color. 0000007000 00000 n Infusions of the inner bark of river birch was used to treat a variety of ailments by many Native American tribes within its range. Not only are birch trees (Betula spp.) 0000003540 00000 n The color of the bark is variable ranging from brown to creamy white. Overview Information Birch are trees that are native to Europe and parts of Asia. Comments: Birch is one of the most widely used woods for veneer and plywood worldwide. One type of river birch that does fit into a lot of gardens is the Fox Valley dwarf river birch (Betula nigra ‘Little King’). However, unlike hardwoods, birch does not last very long, so you will need more of the wood to keep the fire burning. Turns, glues, and finishes well. The bark of the river birch is very distinctive, thus making it a favored ornamental tree for landscape uses. Average Size at Maturity: Quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions. Defer any necessary fertility applications to the second year to avoid root. xref River Birch Betula nigra. 0000005204 00000 n Add the cut bark to protection spells or drink birch beer if you feel you are under psychic attack. River birch trees (Betula nigra) are hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9. The bark of this tree exfoliates — or peels away in layers — to reveal shades of cinnamon, cream, salmon and pink. Their foliage attracts deer and other wildlife foraging for food, as well. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The tree requires an acid soil, otherwise it becomes chlorotic. River birch typically reaches about 35 feet in height, with a network of fine branches making up a narrow to oval-shaped crown. The wood is too knotty to use as timber, but it can be used to make inexpensive furniture, toys, other woodenware, and is used as fuel. 0000005281 00000 n Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? trailer Uses. Birch Essential Oil Uses and Benefits 1. Its attractive bark is especially striking in the winter when the rest of the tree is bare. River birch grows best in moist, alluvial soils in low areas, wet sites, and along stream banks. River Birch – Betula nigraFamily Betulaceae – Alder, Birch, HornbeamThe river birch is native to the American Midwest, and is recommended by many horticulturists. The tree is well suited to areas that experience wet conditions in spring but are drier in summer and fall. Don't forget to include some in your shelterbelts in front of larger evergreen trees. Common Uses: Plywood, boxes, crates, turned objects, interior trim, and other small specialty wood items. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Birch wood can be used for a variety of different projects and some of them are very simple. 200 0 obj <> endobj River birch is has few insect or disease problems. 0000010707 00000 n we and our partners use cookies on this site to improve our service, perform analytics, personalize advertising, measure advertising performance, and remember website preferences. Although few Native Americans in southern New England still make these items from birch bark, more recent decorative arts, such as splint basket decoration, draw upon many patterns developed in birch bark. This tree is an excellent tree for all seasons; the fall and winter interest is spectacular. 0000025773 00000 n Wildlife Use. They grow naturally in wet environments along river and … This makes them a bit large for a lot of garden uses. However, it is somewhat tolerant of acidic and clay soils. Also, a great enticement to songbirds are their small but plentiful seeds. 0000003118 00000 n River birch is not susceptible to invasion by the bronze birch borer, a common problem with other birches in the south. Before using river birch firewood, you must season it. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 37 lbs/ft3 (590 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .49, .59, *Estimated hardness based on specific gravity, Shrinkage: Radial: 4.7%, Tangential: 9.2%, Volumetric: 13.5%, T/R Ratio: 2.0. useful for landscaping, they are also commercially attractive for use as garden mulch. River birch tolerates low soil oxygen, flooding, and clay soil but needs moist conditions. The leaves have been chewed, or used as an infusion, in the treatment of dysentery. by using the site, you consent to these cookies. Betula nigra, the Black Birch or River Birch, photo by SIU.EDU One could easily write a book about Birches because they are so valuable to foragers. Bloom Time: Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark. It is used extensively in landscaping, where many-stemmed groupings are planted in … Wildlife frequently eat birch seeds, especially songbirds and small rodents. Iron chlorosis (leaves are chartreuse with darker veins) may be a problem on alkaline soils. But they were rather distained by loggers as knotty and spindly, therefore often left to grow along the river bank to control erosion. Here … Its bark is usually dark gray-brown to pinkish-brown and scaly. The river birch, Betula nigra, also known as red birch, water birch or black birch, is native to the United States, with its geographical range encompassing almost the entire eastern half of the United States.Birches belong to the Betulaceae family. The wood is used to manufacture inexpensive furniture, woodenware, wooden shoes, basket materials, toys, staves, and fuel. Low natural luster. River Birch LLC, which owns a Waggaman landfill adjacent to the one owned by Jefferson Parish, has reached an agreement to buy out the remaining three-and-a-half years of Waste Connections' River birch is has few insect or disease problems. Common Uses: Plywood, boxes, crates, turned objects, interior trim, and other small specialty wood items. Several cultivars have been selected for ornamental use: River Birch can be used for screening, shade, or even ornamental reasons and has proven over and over why it is a customer favorite. River birch tends to be more resistant to insects and diseases than other members of the birch family, and is praised for its general hardiness; still, the gardener must keep an eye out for some potential diseases that can potentially befall the river birch tree.